Taiwan's Human Rights by
Joseph Nye (
a former dean of Harvard
University's Kennedy School of Government, and a former assistant secretary
of defense, a deputy assistant secretary of state
) said in a speech
under the theme of "Taiwan's Soft Power" at Dec. 8, 2010 that :“The answer is as long as Taiwan stands for
democracy and human rights, that will be impossible ( the Americans make a
deal and sell out Taiwan forsomething that they want from China) in
American political culture.”
★ US Country Reports on Human
released at 2022-4-12
Worker RightsForced labor occurred primarily in
sectors reliant on migrant workers, including domestic service, fishing,
farming, manufacturing, meat processing, and construction.
nLarge enterprises frequently made it
difficult for employees to organize an enterprise union through methods such as
blacklisting union organizers from promotion or relocating them to other work
divisions. These methods were particularly common in the technology sector.
was reported discrimination, including employment discrimination, against
persons with HIV or AIDS
Control Yuan reported in August that its analysis of official statistics from
2005-20 showed the number of male victims of child sexual exploitation was
increasing and that male and female minors of indigenous heritage were targeted
at higher rates than those of other ethnic groups.
Taiwan High Prosecutor’s Office reported a rise in child sexual exploitation
cases in 2018, 2019, and 2020, with 1,060, 1,211, and 1,691 indictments,
raised concerns about the online sexual exploitation of children and reported
sex offenders increasingly used cell phones, web cameras, live streaming, apps,
and other new technologies to deceive and coerce underage girls and boys into
sexual activity; the NGOs called for increased prosecutions and heavier
2020 presidential and legislative elections, President Tsai Ing-wen won
re-election,...there were allegations of vote buying
by candidates and supporters of both major political parties.
high-ranking officials, 79 mid-level, 93 low-level, and 18 elected officials
were indicted for corruption.
Freedom of speech
News was forced off the air after the National Communications Commission
declined to renew its broadcast license. Opposition politicians and some
academics and commentators claimed the decision was politically motivated
retaliation for CTi News’ criticism of the ruling party.
Reporters faced online bullying and the threat of legal action,
particularly under the liberal libel laws. These
provisions allow the subjects of unfavorable press coverage to press criminal
and civil charges directly against journalists and media outlets for defamation.
labor occurred primarily in sectors reliant on migrant workers, including
domestic service, fishing, farming, manufacturing, meat processing, and
construction. Foreign workers were often reluctant to
report employer abuses for fear the employer would terminate their contract,
subjecting them to possible deportation and leaving them unable to pay off debts
fishermen reported abuses by senior crewmembers, including beatings, withholding
of food and water, retention of identity documents, wage deductions, and
noncontractual compulsory sharing of vessel operational costs to retain their
labor. These abuses were particularly prevalent in Taiwan’s large distant-waters
fishing fleet, which operated without adequate oversight.
workers were often reluctant to report employer abuses for fear the employer
would terminate their contract, subjecting them to possible deportation and
leaving them unable to pay off debts to recruiters.
fishermen were commonly subjected to mistreatment and poor working conditions.
NGOs reported that foreign fishing crews in the distant-waters fishing fleet
generally received wages below the required minimum...
estimated that more than 53,000 migrant workers were
concentrated in the domestic work and manufacturing sectors. NGOs reported that
some migrant workers legally employed as domestic workers were in fact
informally employed outside the home...
PS: Taiwan has persecution cases which has not been
included in US Human Rights report
Focus Taiwan, Taipei Times, etc, 2022-5-13:
Invited by Taiwan's government, an international human rights
experts panel conducted a five-day review from May 9-13 in Taipei of the
country's implementation of two United Nations' human rights-related covenants,
namely the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).
of speech and of peaceful protest continues to be unduly restricted.
The panel's report also highlighted the absence of legislation to curb torture
and discrimination in Taiwan. “The information
provided by the government clearly shows that there are many allegations of
torture against law enforcement officials in Taiwan,” the report said, adding
that those cases only led to disciplinary action instead of criminal
prosecution. The nation has
yet to make incorporate torture — the crime of inflicting severe mental or
physical pain or suffering on a powerless person for a particular purpose as
defined in international law — into its Criminal Code
human rights panel experts are critiquing Taiwan's record on issues such
as the death penalty, torture, gender equality, broader forms of discrimination,
the status of indigenous peoples, and the rights of migrant domestic workers
(especially given the greater burdens on caregivers in the wake of the COVID-19
Observations and Recommendations of the
international review committee underlined the importance of Taiwan completing
its process of incorporating key norms into its domestic law, by adding the
three conventions – the Convention Against Torture, the Convention on Migrant
Workers, and the Convention on Enforced Disappearances. The committee also
reiterated the need to explicitly prohibit torture in Taiwan’s criminal code.
The review committee also
urged Taiwan to issue a declaration (pursuant to Article 12 of the Rome Statute)
recognizing the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court.
international panel experts called on Taiwan to end the “cruel and degrading”
practice of capital punishment. The nine-member
group said it was "extremely disappointed" at the failure of Taiwan's government
to address the issue. "Taiwan is already among a
very, very small number of countries in the world that still retain the death
penalty, and the arguments that are time and again, repeated by the government,
are far from convincing," experts
said the "cruel, inhuman and degrading" punishment was in violation of
ICCPR's Article 6 and 7.
nTaiwan’s failure thus far to incorporate the Convention on
Migrant Workers or to adopt a domestic workers protection law is of additional
concern given the vulnerability of these workers — many of them women who
provide crucial long-term services to the elderly and disabled — to adverse,
discriminatory measures related to the pandemic. Their precariousness is further
underlined by their low pay, lack of union representation, and the subordination
of their bargaining power to the interests of the governments of their home
countries because of Taiwan’s reliance on a Philippines-style
Many of these workers are identifiable as observant Muslims because of their
dress, and are of Southeast Asian (primarily Indonesian, Filipino, Malaysian,
and Vietnamese) origin, which differentiates them from most of the population in
Taiwan and could make them susceptible to forms of discrimination that are not
regulated – hence the need to incorporate the convention’s terms into law. The
committee also noted the need to bring migrant workers within the protections of
Taiwan’s overall system of labor regulation and received multiple reports
regarding limitations on migrant workers’ rights to change employment, to obtain
permanent residency, and bars to the migration of family members, resulting in
the induced separation of families. The committee also noted its concerns
regarding widespread reports of abuses against the conditions of labor for
fisheries workers. Many of these are also migrants.
In 2017, another
rights experts review
( Philip Alston, law
professor at New York University; Eibe Riedel, former member of the United Nations Committee on
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; Jerome Cohen, law professor at New York
University; and Nisuke Ando, professor emeritus at Kyoto University, etc. )
legislating a new law against torture and other cruelties.
Till middle Jun.
2022, Taiwan just
turned a deaf ear to them.
Taiwan would still lack a NHRI that complies with
the Paris Principles. The Control Yuan would still be subject to the negative
effects of the semi-presidential system that could severely limit its ability to
effectively protect human rights. The highly volatile
political climate, and the way in which party politics play out within Taiwan’s
semi-presidential system, have the potential to seriously impede the Control
Amnesty International, June, 2021
The government took several
measures to control the spread of the COVID-19 virus, some of which threatened
the right to privacy. Amendments to the Prison Act failed to address concerns
about rights of people on death row with psychosocial or intellectual
disabilities. In August, a National Human Rights Commission was established. In
October, the International Review Committee received reports from international
organizations ahead of its review of Taiwan’s implementation of the ICCPR and
Mass surveillance /
In January, the
government introduced a series of measures aimed at preventing the spread of
COVID-19, some of which threatened the right to privacy. The government
established a digital framework of mass surveillance and connected government
databases, such as travel and health insurance records, for the purposes of
tracking and tracing. Over 35 government departments were able to constantly
monitor people’s movement and other activities, including the purchase of
surgical masks, through this platform. The government provided few details about
its use of the platform, nor specified when the data collection measures would
● Death penalty /
Amendments to the Prison Act in January resulted in changes to
the Regulations for the Execution of the Death Penalty in July. The amended
regulations still allowed death sentences for individuals with psychosocial or
intellectual disabilities.2 The
authorities made no progress towards abolition during the year and continued to
carry out executions
United Daily, editorial,
legislative majority for the first time
Taiwan's government kept abusing human rights, including
suppressing freedom of expression, or restricting personal freedom in the name
of national security, the means they took
are no less than the authoritarian period they accused.
★ World Journal, USA, 12-6-2020 (largest
Chinese news in the US) www.worldjournal.com/wj/story/121475/5070213
Transitional Justice Committee Taiwan:
persecution and infringement by officials in power are anywhere and anytime - in
the past, now, and most likely in the future...
Country Reports on Human Rights
Members of the security forces committed some abuses. Significant human
rights issues included: the existence of criminal libel laws and serious acts of
There were allegations of vote buying by
candidates and supporters of both major political parties (KMT and DPP) in
Presidential election。There were reports of official
corruption during the year. In the year to May, nine high-ranking officials, 59
mid-level, 75 low-level, and 18 elected people’s deputies had been indicted for
the authorities generally respected judicial independence and impartiality. Some
political commentators and academics, however, publicly questioned the
impartiality of judges and prosecutors involved in high profile, politically
Although the law allows for the delineation of government-owned traditional
indigenous territories, some indigenous rights advocates argued a large amount
of indigenous land was seized and privatized decades ago, depriving indigenous
communities of the right to participate in the development of these traditional
◎◎● The right to strike remained
highly restricted. Teachers, civil servants, and defense industry employees do
not have the right to strike. Workers in industries such as utilities, hospital
services, and telecommunication service providers are allowed to strike only if
they maintain basic services during the strike. Authorities may prohibit, limit,
or break up a strike during a disaster. Workers are allowed to strike only in
“adjustment” disputes which include issues such as compensation and working
schedules. The law forbids strikes related to rights guaranteed under the law.
NGOs and academic studies estimated the total number of sexual
assaults was seven to 10 times higher than the number reported to police. Some
abused women chose not to report incidents to police due to social pressure not
to disgrace their families.
Incidents of sexual harassment were reportedly on the rise in
public spaces, schools, the legislature, and in government agencies.
The majority of sex discrimination cases reported in 2019 were
forced resignations due to pregnancies. Scholars said sex discrimination
remained significantly underreported due to workers’ fear of retaliation from
employers and difficulties in finding new employment if the worker has a history
of making complaints. According to a 2018 survey by the Ministry of Finance, the
median monthly income for women was, on average, 87.5 percent of the amount
their male counterparts earned.
NGOs raised concerns
regarding online sexual exploitation of children and reported sex offenders
increasingly used cell phones, web cameras, live streaming, apps, and other new
technologies to deceive and coerce underage girls and boys into sexual activity;
the NGOs called for increased prosecutions and heavier penalties
Forced labor occurred primarily in sectors
reliant on migrant workers including domestic services, fishing, farming,
manufacturing, meat processing, and construction. Some labor brokers charged
foreign workers exorbitant recruitment fees and used debts incurred from these
fees in the source country as tools of coercion to subject the workers to debt
Migrant fishermen reported
senior crewmembers employ coercive tactics such as threats of physical violence,
beatings, withholding of food and water, retention of identity documents, wage
deductions, and noncontractual compulsory sharing of vessel operational costs to
retain their labor. These abuses were particularly prevalent in Taiwan’s large
distant-waters fishing fleet, which operated without adequate oversight.
Foreign workers were often reluctant to report employer abuses for fear the
employer would terminate their contract, subjecting them to possible deportation
and leaving them unable to pay off their debt to recruiters. Foreign
workers generally faced exploitation and incurred significant debt burdens
during the recruitment process due to excessive brokerage fees, guarantee
deposits, and higher charges for flights and accommodations. NGOs reported that foreign fishing crews in Taiwan’s distant-waters
fishing fleet generally received wages below the required $450 per month because
of dubious deductions for administrative fees and deposits.
... The results suggested
that 24 percent of foreign fishermen suffered violent physical abuse; 92 percent
experienced unlawful wage withholding; 82 percent worked overtime excessively.
There were also reports fishing crew members could face hunger and dehydration
and have been prevented from leaving their vessels or terminating their
or Content Restrictions: Officials in the People’s Republic of China (PRC)
influenced Taiwan media outlets through pressure on the business interests of
their parent companies in the PRC. Taiwan journalists reported difficulty
publishing content critical of the PRC, alleging that PRC authorities had
pressured Taiwan businesses with operations in China to refrain from advertising
with Taiwan media outlets which published such material. To punish Taiwan media
outlets deemed too critical of PRC policies or actions, the PRC would subject
their journalists to heightened scrutiny at Chinese ports of entry or deny them
entry to China. PRC actors also targeted the computers and mobile phones of
Taiwan journalists for cyberattacks.
Opposition politicians and some media outlets criticized these provisions (a new
law criminalized receiving direction or funding from prohibited Chinese sources
to conduct political activities) as overly broad and potentially detrimental to
freedom of expression, including for the press.
Opposition politicians and some academics and commentators claimed NCC’s
decision not to renew the license was politically motivated retaliation for CTi
News’ criticism of the ruling party.
Taiwanese - from CovID-19 flare-up
Benefit has precedence over human lives /|
Taiwanese patients in serious situation waiting for one week but
failed to get Remdesivir,
because the government placed obstacles on their applications for
specific remedy for
curing coronavirus, which increased Taiwan's death rate
― double global average.