Taiwan / human rights violations and abuses
   World No.1 rankings : 2020~24,  2017~19,  2016 2015,  2014,  2013 2010~12      Top  since 1998      

   Persecutions lead some victims to Maslow's Transcendence level Transcendence of fear into the state of not-fearing or of courage

Fights for rights

   home  Taiwan  TW  OP  democracy  tour  medical  restaurants  night-markets  love  personality  women  speech  mental-control  privacy  fraud  judiciary  police  corruption  net-army  univ  foreign-labor  death penalty  prosecutors  soft power  diplomacy  pres.  president  brief  happiness  housing  prostitutes  massage  supermarket  transport  avia.  cult-creativity  human-rights   intl-Human rights  judicial-persecution  oppression  trans-justice  larceny  military  drugs  food  buffet  wealth  image  culture  US-cartoons  US-designs  Japan-comics  Chn-creativity  EXPO  cartoons-WWII  humor  political-cartoons  CovID  migrant  fb  music  movies

Transitional Justice in Taiwan: A belated reckoning with the systematic mistreat      (Chinese)
Ignoring persecutions in today, but to focus on transitional justice 70 years ago, is a phony political show and a crime.

njustsecurity.org, Focus Taiwan, Taipei Times, etc, 2022-5-13:  an international human rights experts panel conducted a five-day review from May 9-13 in Taipei of the country's implementation of two United Nations' human rights-related covenants, namely the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).  

The panel's report highlighted the absence of legislation to curb torture and discrimination in Taiwan.  


“The information provided by the government clearly shows that there are many allegations of torture against law enforcement officials in Taiwan,” the report said, adding that those cases only led to disciplinary action instead of criminal prosecution. 


The nation has yet to make incorporate torture — the crime of inflicting severe mental or physical pain or suffering on a powerless person for a particular purpose as defined in international law — into its Criminal Code;  The Concluding Observations and Recommendations of the international review committee underlined the importance of Taiwan completing its process of incorporating key norms into its domestic law, by adding the three conventions – the Convention Against Torture, the Convention on Enforced Disappearances, etc. The committee also reiterated the need to explicitly prohibit torture in Taiwan’s criminal code

Star War

human rights abuse

today's Taiwan

a gag cartoon
of mine
was printed in FECOnews
to 30-40
Asia, etc,

Jan. 2022


Review of the Second Reports of the Government of Taiwan on the Implementation of the International Human Rights Covenants Concluding Observations and Recommendations adopted by the International Review Committee Taipei, 20 January 2017:
Committee wishes to encourage the Government of Taiwan to accelerate the efforts to accept core human rights treaties: the Convention against Torture - prohibition of Torture, Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.


nReuters,  2024-7-12: Taiwan to withdraw honour guards from Chiang Kai-shek memorial. Transitional Justice Commission that is in charge of investigating cases of political persecution that took place during the "white terror" campaign against dissent of Chiang's rule.  reuters.com/world/asia-pacific/taiwan-withdraw-honour-guards-chiang-kai-shek-memorial-2024-07-12/

nSCMP (South China Morning Post),  2024-7-15:  Despite accusations of persecuting thousands of opponents during the "white terror" period from the 1950s to the 1970s, Chiang is still remembered by many members of the military as the spiritual leader of Taiwan's armed forces.  Mainland sentiment towards Chiang - once reviled by Beijing as an enemy of the Communist Party - has also softened significantly, as he is increasingly seen as part of the historic link between the mainland and Taiwan.  one of the missions of Lai's civilian defence minister, former security chief Wellington Koo, is to counter this military resistance.  msn.com/en-xl/news/other/taiwan-holds-last-chiang-kai-shek-honour-guard-as-william-lai-leads-moves-to-erase-legacy/ar-BB1q0IcY?ocid=BingNewsVerp   Lawrence Chung

nAl Jezeera,  2024-7-12:  Generally lauded in life as an anti-communist hero, many in modern Taiwan revile him as a despot who imprisoned and killed thousands of opponents during his rule. aljazeera.com/news/2024/7/12/taiwan-to-stop-worshipping-authoritarianism-at-chiang-kai-shek-statue

nForeign Policy Research Institute,  2017-2-27: Taiwanese have to decide their own fate and Taiwanese  have to build a new world of fairness and justice ...Recent events notwithstanding, Taiwan still has room for growth in addressing its past ...Taiwan has not done enough to name “who the perpetrators were,” blaming “Taiwanese forgiving nature” for not holding them responsible.

nUnited Daily (聯合報), 2024-7-15 : After declassifying the political archive, the government fails to find criminal records of Taiwan's leaders in White Terror era. (政府不斷強調要開放檔案,才能真正暴露當年威權統治的不義,然而開放檔案之後,卻始終不曾出現石破天驚、證明當年執政者偷偷犯下外界不知的彌天大罪的紀錄;不斷被外界抨擊的幾個「大案」,更是從來沒查出過一點進度)udn.com/news/story/11091/8095639?from=udn-catehotnews_ch2

nThe Diplomat, 2019-2-27: They protested the authoritarian system in general, established by the Chinese Nationalist Party, the Kuomintang (KMT), whose vestiges still linger in public institutions, saying it still lies behind the structure of Taiwan’s political society.  How soon will transitional justice be rolled out?

nNBC News, 2017-2-27: The fear of political persecution always loomed large. “This is something I want to pass on to my children — to speak up, fight for what's right for ourselves and people different from us. Democracy is something that should not be taken for granted.”

nWikipedia (zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/臺灣白色恐怖時期) : White Terror period in Taiwan refers to the period from May 20, 1949 to May 18, 1992. The government of the Republic of China, which is governed by the Chinese Kuomintang, used public power to persecute dissidents and create a political atmosphere of terror that benefits itself. (中華民國政府藉由公權力迫害持不同政見者,塑造對己有利之恐怖政治氛圍之時期。 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Terror_(Taiwan): other prosecutions did not have such clear reasoning; in 1968 Bo Yang was imprisoned for his choice of words in translating a Popeye comic strip

nCTS news (Taiwan), 2021-10-31 : After End of Martial Law, Taiwan's democratic elected president(s) (from 1996 till present) still monitor nationals      news.cts.com.tw/cts/general/202110/202110242060026.html


nLiberty Times, editorial, 2022-1-25 : The Formosa Incident (美麗島事件), the Zhongli Incident, the murder case of Lin I-hsiung's (林義雄) mother and twin daughters, the death of Chen Wen-chen (陳文成), the murder of US citizen Henry Liu ——  the Chiang Ching-kuo  (1910-1988) government's iron fist aimed for maintaining its own ruling status as first priority.  Chiang was undoubtedly the leader in creating White Terror.

nLiberty Times, 2023-1-19: Tsai Ing-wen feels alienated from transitional justice from the very beginning - her initial gesture - " haven't everyone chosen obedience in those authoritarian days ? "  The authoritarian heirs resist transitional justice by using the excuse - no tearing apart the ethnic groups, however, so called "solidarity" is not the truth, their real motivation is defend the authoritarian bastion and their niche - such as judiciary   ...  Same as previous Taiwan presidents Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian, Ma Ying-Jeou, Tsai Ing-wen fails to make it !   talk.ltn.com.tw/article/paper/1563428
United Daily, editorial, 2024-5-15 :  In the name of "transitional justice", the ruling party forcefully suppress other political parties to consolidate their own power base.  The protective umbrella of "transitional justice" and national security harbour too many DPP's malpractice, which triggers public anger;  Eventually, DPP's  "transitional justice" is nothing but chasing dissidents and political revenge.   udn.com/news/story/7338/7964401?from=udn_ch2_menu_v2_main_cate

nUnited Daily, editorial (udn.com/news/story/11091/6060260?from=udn_ch2cate6643sub11091_pulldownmenu_v2), 2022-1-25 : Some transitional justices are full of dirty political exchanges and offensive&defensive battles —— the disclosure of "students movement under surveillance" by DPP faction was used to eliminate some candidates in the primary election... More people suffered fear from invisible and delicate social control and threats by DPP government' flank and judiciary (prosecutor, police) ...

nChina times, editorial, 2021-11-24 :The ruling party made laws inconsistent with constitutional principles, reckons property of the Kuomintang and the so-called affiliated organizations, and concocts fake and inferior "transitional justice"(民進黨貪求永續執政,制訂不符憲政原則的法律,清算國民黨及所謂附隨組織財產, 炮製假冒偽劣的「轉型正義」chinatimes.com/opinion/20211124005183-262101?chdtv  )

nUnited Daily, editorial, 2022-3-22: President Tsai believed that the establishment of a "transitional Justice committee" would eradicate injustice. However, this is not the case. The committee claims itself as a new version "secret police".  The impartiality of the Control Yuan   is  worse and worse , the independence of the judiciary is weakening... (udn.com/news/story/7338/6181610?from=udn-catehotnews_ch2)
nUnited Daily, editorial, 2022-5-4: arbitrarily restricting civil rights in the name of national security is like "authoritarian" in those anti-Communist days returning to today's Taiwan.






No.1  "Taiwan human rights violation(s)", "No.1 "human rights violation in Taiwan",  and No.1 "Taiwan persecution"
on Yandex of Russia, 2024-1-23, 2023-2-28, 2023-1-11



   pic. : No.1 "human rights abuse in Taiwan" on Bing, 2024-1-23, 2023-2-28, 2023-1-11, 2022-7-30
 (Chinese version);
pic. left : No.1 "Taiwan human rights abuses" on Bing, 2022-10-8; No.2 at 2023-1-11;
No.2 "human rights abuse in Taiwan" on Bing, 2023-1-11, 2022-10-8,
2022-7-30 (English version)


♣  comment Tsai Ing-wen , Taiwan president - No.1 on Bing, Yahoo, Ecosia (2023-1-11)

fter Taiwanese president declared in the presidential campaign 2016 (storm.mg/article/1904433?page=1) and the National Day Declaration in 2021 that her main political opinions on human rights persecution  the whole transitional justice project has been just spinning its wheels   Till now,
the Transitional Justice committee only surfaced some dusty, "surveillance" cases, on which many victimizers'(perpetrators') names are erased or covered. 
Taiwan's government avoids the most important part  ─  "Persecution" cases.

Taiwan ~
(1) Exposes some informants and low-end tools, while ignoring the prime suspects ̥
          For details please ref. to Liberty Times, 2021-10-22, editorial talk.ltn.com.tw/article/paper/1479952 ̥

(2) Exposes cases in early days, instead of today's ̥

           It's too narrow only work on acts
quashing any perceived forms of dissent in society during Chiang Kai-shek'(蔣介石) regime or before Cold War era.  The right targets should be all political persecutions, and abuses of human rights.  
           World Journal, USA, 2020-12-6 (the largest Chinese-language newspaper in the United States) reported: The persecutions and infringement of human rights by people in power occur anytime and anywhere, and are occurring in today's Taiwan ... ̥  For those early-days cases, the prime suspects might died, the evidence might be lost 
New York Times, 2016-2-4 : "Academics say that little is known about the mechanics of repression ( occurred during white terror ) ......researchers believe many records were destroyed, they also believe others have been kept from surfacing through willful neglect.".  The China Times, 2021-11-6, editorial: DPP party (the ruling party) is accused of hiding historical evidence, said Shih Ming-Te (施明德) who revealed DPP's major politicians Kang Pêng-kian (江鵬堅) and former premier 謝長廷 were KMT's undecover informants.
 By contrast, all or most of today's victimizers(perpetrators) , high-ranking officials are still alive , and are much easier to get caught red-handed because their crimes are ongoing all the time.   If you don't do the right thing in time, you might be 'accomplice', at least, and the transitional justice becomes a phony show.         

(3)  Focusing on "KMT vs. DPP",  instead of "victimizers(
perpetrators) vs. victims."

      The motivation should not be electoral interest.  This should not be a political struggle between political parties in the name of transitional justice. (former vice chair of Transitional Justice Committee, 張天欽, compared his Committee with 'secret police' ('東廠').   The chair 黃煌雄 then resigned and reminded the Committee should not be any particular party's hit man or tool chinatimes.com/opinion/20211105003929-262101?chdtv ) Many victims had nothing to do with politics.  The uppers in crime and their organization(s) are familiar with and use the laws to torture the victims, repeatedly and black-heartedly, some of them are more serious than ordinary criminals or metal-disease criminals, hence deserve a black site on the land due process forgot.̥

  (4) Taiwan president Tsai Ing-wen declared that the focus is exposure of the crimes, not on accountability ̥  

      If the justice set political criminals free, persecutions will continue endlessly.  Is president Tsai willing to experience any horrible persecutions, for even one day ?  Is Tsai entitled to pardon victimizer's crimes for the victims?   Heavy punishment is the best preventative mechanisms.

(5) Exposes only some "surveillance" cases, instead of "persecution" cases ̥
           Compared with "persecution", "surveillance" is less horrific crime.  
           Note that the current government did similar things ─  keeps watching nationals very closely, therefore might lost its stance on investigating or handling those cases occurred in early days.  According to the China Times, 2021-10-25, editorial, the government watches people criticizing the government, and pig farmers intending to join a protest against importing
poison (Ractopamine) porks. (Chinatimes. com/opinion/20211025004212-262101?chdtv)  Next TV news, 2020-3-10 : president of Taiwanese Nurse Union (護理師工會): every time the nurses complained about short supply of face masks on the internet, "the online army showed up", etc.
            Reuters, 2022-1-27:
Taiwan president expressed "empathy" for Ukraine's situation; But Tsai appeared not to express "empathy" for victims in Taiwan.

   Therefore, the correct priority should be:
(1) Firstly, today's major persecutions (2) Secondly, major persecutions in early years (3) Third, other minor cases

  Today's first

Today's serious persecutions cause immediate harms, the longer it lasts, the heavier the harm ̥  The gov.'s  “turning a blind eye”  is a criminal offense in itself.  Nowadays'  prime suspects are timid to turn themselves to the court,  the government is timid to arrest them.   Taiwan's president is suspected not to realize her commitments declared in presidential election campaign.

While working on mass atrocities during Chiang Kai-shek's (蔣介石) regime long years ago,  transitional justice might becomes a hard work to get no hard proofs.

Today's major cases first

Among all persecutions in recent years, Taiwan should prioritize cracking down the cases : (1) mobilizing or inciting as many as nationals to persecute the victims (2) highest-level officials are engaged (3) recidivists (criminal repeat offenses)  (4) all or most suspects are still alive (5) high-tech weapons employed

The case in this website crosses 4+ successive presidents since about 1991 in Taiwan, and has ranked No.1 on the net in the US (Bing, Google, Yahoo), Russia (Yandex),  on Japan's and Taiwan's Yahoo , and European internet engines (Germany , Swiss, Holland, Czech, France, UK, Sweden, etc). 

Solving the case could scare other evil politicians, and avoid same mistakes occurred in the next 50 ~ 100 years; This is a good case for international study.

United Daily, 2022-5-27(udn.com/news/story/6656/6349888?from=ddd-umaylikenews_ch2_story): Taiwan's Premier said the project of transitional justice will continue endlessly

comment:  turning a blind eye to ? or jointly aiding ... what's happening in today's Taiwan? until
perpetrators-persecutors die with a smile on their face ??

Irish Times, 2022-8-9:  nobody would expect a victim of rape to sit with their rapist without a process of restorative justice, how can there be reconciliation without some form of retribution


  CTS news (華視) 2021-10-31, 2021-10-24:  "誰是加害者 (who are the perpetrators) ??

pic.: CTS: Taiwan's democratic elected president(s) still monitor nationals

CTS: the victims cry at midnight, the victimizers are leading a good life

CTS: victims' hope - liability shall be pursued in accordance with the law ... the wounds are hard to be healed

 FTV (民視),  2022-5-29  Taiwan History

Seeing KMT's 228 political incident and so many corruption cases, Taiwanese intellectuals who inclined to socialism  and were sympatheticto farmers and labor-workers started to join the Chinese Communist Party;  within 2 years, the power of trade union or labor union supported by the Chinese Communist Party were everywhere in Taiwan.


However,  part of prisoners were not involved in communist party's activity, they are innocent..   People being mistreated have full rights to punish persecutors to the full extent of the law.


So called "White Terror" started from 1947 or 1949.

During White Terror period, the state machine ruled its own nationals with an iron fist ─  e.g., making people fear, by brutality, ferocity, or by the law.  They stick a label on political victims even discharged from prison, and watch them all the time, which resulted in an unstable working status, or just like entering another bigger prison  (brief)

pic.: some in White Terror period are unjust cases
pic.: labels and fears insolate political victims; all the people were taught "straight up ears and keep mouth shut" to stay safe.

Taiwan's White Terror

parent unit

 White Terror units

Ministry of Defense (國防部) secret service (保密局:   Intelligence Agency (情報局) ,  Investigation Bureau (調查局))
The Military (軍方) Taiwan Garrison Command   (警總,  保安司令部)
The Taiwan Provincial government (台灣省) Taiwan Police Force (警務處)

Obviously, "White Terror" returns to today's Taiwan, with more powerful high-tech weapons.  "Is it progress if a cannibal uses knife and fork?"  /   Stanisław Jerzy Lec


Zola Zu's works under the theme of human rights abuses and persecution












exhibited in  Israel 1999 

 Serbia till 2021

exhibited in Turkey, Europe 1997



exhibited in  Czech, E.U. 1997 











 ★   political  theatrics   ★  circus  showbiz  


part of  Zola Zu's article and cartoon
 printed in FECO NEWS, Euro.






  No.1 "Taiwan human rights violations", "Taiwan human rights abuse"
(Chinese version)  on the net

pic. : No.1 " human rights abuse in Taiwan" on Bing, 2024-1-23, 2023-2-28, 2023-1-11, 2022-10-10, 2022-9-12, 2022-7-26, 2022-6-17, 2022-5-17, 2022-3-21; No.1 "Taiwan human rights violation" on Metager of Germany, 2024-1-23, 2023-2-28, 2023-1-11, 2022-10-10, 2022-9-12, 2022-7-26, 2022-6-17, 2022-5-17, 2022-3-21, 2022-2-28,  2022-2-14, 2022-2-11, 2022-2-5, 2022-2-2, 2022-2-1, 2022-1-30


pic. : No.1 "human rights abuse in Taiwan" on US Yahoo, 2024-1-23, 2023-2-28, 2023-1-11, 2022-10-10, 2022-7-26, 2022-5-17,  2022-3-21, 2022-2-28,  2022-2-14, 2022-2-11, 2022-2-2, 2022-2-1, 2022-1-30 ; No.1 "Taiwan human rights violations" on Yahoo, 2024-1-23, 2023-2-28, 2023-1-11, 2022-10-10, 2022-6-17, 2022-5-17, 2022-3-21, 2022-2-28, 2022-2-14, 2022-2-11, 2022-2-6, 2022-2-2, 2022-1-31, 2022-1-29
(Chinese version)


pic. : No.1 "
human rights abuse in Taiwan"("台灣人權迫害") on Lycos, 2023-2-28, 2023-1-11, 2022-10-10, 2022-9-12, 2022-7-26, 2022-6-17, 2022-5-17, 2022-3-21, 2022-2-28,  2022-2-14, 2022-2-11, 2022-2-5, 2022-2-2;   pic.  : No.1 "Taiwan human rights violations" on Ecosia of Germany, 2023-2-28, 2023-1-11, 2022-10-10, 2022-9-12, 2022-7-26, 2022-6-17

pic. : No.1 "human rights abuse in Taiwan" on Oscobo of UK,  2023-2-28,
2023-1-11, 2022-10-10, 2022-9-12, 2022-7-26, 2022-6-17, 2022-5-17,  2022-3-21, 2022-2-28, 2022-2-14, 2022-2-11, 2022-2-5, 2022-2-2, 2022-2-1, 2022-1-30
pic. : No.1 "Taiwan human rights violations" on  SearchEncrypt
2023-2-28, 2023-1-11, 2022-10-10, 2022-9-12, 2022-7-26, 2022-6-17, 2022-5-17,  2022-3-21, 2022-2-28,  2022-2-14, 2022-2-11, 2022-2-5, 2022-2-2, 2022-2-1, 2022-1-31


pic. :
No.1 "human rights abuse in Taiwan" on  Ekoru of New Zealand, 2023-2-28, 2023-1-11, 2022-10-10, 2022-9-12, 2022-7-26, 2022-6-17, 2022-5-17, 2022-3-21, 2022-2-28,   2022-2-14, 2022-2-11, 2022-2-5, 2022-2-2, 2022-2-1,  2022-1-31           
pic. : No.1 "Taiwan human rights violation" on Dogpile, 2023-1-11, 2022-10-10, 2022-9-12, 2022-7-26, 2022-6-17, 2022-5-17,  2022-3-21, 2022-2-28,  2022-2-14, 2022-2-11, 2022-2-5, 2022-2-2 


No.1 "Taiwan human rights abuse" on AOL, 2023-2-28, 2023-1-11, 2022-9-12, 2022-7-26, 2022-6-17, 2022-5-17, 2022-3-21, 2022-2-28, 2022-2-14, 2022-2-11, 2022-2-5, 2022-2-2, 2022-2-1, 2022-1-30

 No.1 "human rights abuse in Taiwan"("台灣人權迫害") on Excite, 2023-1-11, 2022-10-10, 2022-9-12


pic.:  No.1 "Taiwan persecution", on Yandex of Russia, 2023-2-28, 2023-1-11, 2022-10-10, 2022-9-12, 2022-7-26, 2022-6-17, 2022-5-17, 2022-3-21, 2022-2-28, 2022-2-14, 2022-2-12, 2022-2-1, 2022-1-31, 2022-1-29




United Daily news (聯合報) editorial,  08-26-2019 : Taiwan president Tsai I. W. intentionally left out transitional Justice in her 4-years performance list, hence we can know she did a lousy job in that issue.   ps: 聯合報社論  2019-05-24 /尋找蔡英文政績中遺失的「關鍵字https://udn.com/news/story/7338/3831176

★ Liberty Times 2-28-2020, editorial: Taiwan (Tsai) government is far behind from its transitional Justice schedule.
Apple Daily (蘋果日報) 12-20-2019 check up 13 political achievements expressed by Taiwan president Tsai I. W. herself in presidential election debate presentation.   There's no transitional Justice issue was included.
     ps: TaiwanToday.tw news, Dec 10, 2018 : A total of 1,505 victims of political persecution were exonerated at a ceremony.  Taiwan president Tsai I. W. has not got any white-terror suspects since her declaration 4 years ago ,  not to mention to arrest today's political persecution victimizers.   Should the govt. rush to rescue drowning people, or rush to set up a monument for drowned victims died 60 years ago ?

★  Apple Daily, Editorial opinion, 9-24-2018: Avoid 'transitional' injustice or unjustice...

Liberty Times, 12-14-2018 "the unforgivable crime of national terrorism / state violence": The task of state apparatus is to protect citizens, not to tramp them ... Taiwan currently can't get rid of authoritarian, transitional justice has a long rugged way to go (brief) by 中正大學林泰和教授      

★  United Daily, Focus edition, 9-27-2018: People's trust in the Transitional Justice Commission was damaged seriously, the gov. should treat political persecutors,  pan Green or pan Blue, indifferently
Global Times, 2022-5-21: "Green terror." In the name of "transitional justice," the DPP authority has been cutting out dissent and cracking down on political opponents



human rights in Taiwan


the Universal Declaration of Human Rights includes an express right to privacy. ── No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

The US Supreme Court has recognized the right to privacy as a fundamental right.

Justice Brandeis:  “the right to be let alone [is] the most comprehensive of rights, and the right most valued by civilized men.” ArticleThe Right to Privacy defines privacy as the “right of the individual to be let alone".


nApple Daily  (蘋果日報, 2014-8-18) editorialPrivacy is the fundamental of democracy, freedom and human rights; We urge to face the issue of Taiwanese people being wiretapped and monitored. (brief)
nThe China Times
(中國時報, 2007-10-18) Taiwan has become a "police state",  the state machine is controlled by the government, nobody can check if he is the victim, investigations for wiretapping always leave unresolved. (brief)
nUnited Daily group  (民生報, 1995-7-17): wiretapping are everywhere, the rights of privacy are repeatedly offended  (everyone - you and me could be transparent victims)


So many years have passed, things are from bad to worse.   Taiwanese people have been mentally controlled.
Is Taiwan a country of freedom, democracy and human rights
?    2023-8-8



zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/臺灣白色恐怖時期     en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Terror_(Taiwan)   fpri.org/article/2017/02/taiwans-white-terror-remembering-228-incident/

nbcnews.com/news/asian-america/30-years-after-end-martial-law-scars-taiwan-s-white-n725251    thediplomat.com/2019/02/the-228-incident-still-haunts-taiwan/


Political persecution in Taiwan, No.1 ranking on the net