Violence & discrimination against women is one of
human rights problems for years.
(United Nations already
passed 30+ years ago at 1979) the Convention on the Elimination of All forms of
Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) , valid from Jan. 1,
2012, but, Taiwan's women rights status is still similar
according to the US report released in 2013 ~ 2017, In 2015, the
number of reporting for rape or sexual assault is only 850
less than that in previous year.
(12. 25. '14)
those Taiwanese male aged
(2.33 million men per yr.
value of production of Taiwan's
sex industry's is at least USD
Prostitution is violence against women
/ ref to <Prostitution : violence with no name>, "Prostitution et Societe",
2010, "Int'l Day for the Elimination of Violence against women", 11-25-2016
Taiwan government is the main criminal to harm women's rights in large
★ The US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices
, released at 3-3-2017
Women: Rape and Domestic Violence:
spousal rape, and domestic violence. Many victims did not report the crime for
fear of social stigmatization, and various nongovernmental organization (NGO)
and academic studies estimated that the total number of sexual assaults was
seven to 10 times the number reported to police.
Women were promoted less frequently, occupied fewer management positions, and
worked for lower pay than men, earning on average 83 percent of their male
★ WEF <Travel
and tourism competitiveness report>(released at 4-6-2017)
"Female participation in the labor force" ranks world no. 85.
★ The US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices
, released at 4-13-2016
The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence. Many
victims did not report the crime for fear of social stigmatization, and various
nongovernmental organization (NGO) and academic studies estimated that the total
number of sexual assaults was seven to
10 times the number reported to police.
Women were promoted less frequently,
occupied fewer management positions, and
worked for lower pay than their male
counterparts. Household caregivers and
domestic workers did not enjoy the same
legal protections as other workers.
Women’s groups reported that judicial
authorities were sometimes dismissive of
sexual harassment complaints. According to
the Ministry of Labor’s latest survey on
this subject in 2013, an estimated 4.2
percent of women encountered sexual
harassment in the workplace, with most
victims ages 15 to 34. A poll conducted by
the Awakening Foundation in May found that
50 percent of the women surveyed faced
censure when they informed their employers
of their pregnancy, 49 percent were assigned
to a different job or department, and 15
percent were asked to resign.
This webpage was ranked No. 2 on Google,
by keywords : "women rights in Taiwan", or "women's rights in Taiwan"
or "Taiwanese women rights",
test at 5-26-2017.
<The United Daily 聯合報>,
employee need to work 52 days more to earn the amount of male employee's anneal
★ USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices,
... as of July there were 7,175
reports filed for rape or sexual assault. As of November courts
indicted 810 persons and convicted 638 persons ... Because
survivors were socially stigmatized, many did not report the
crime, and various NGO and academic studies estimated that the
total number of sexual
assaults was seven to 10 times the number reported to police...
the average prosecution rate for rape and sexual assault over
the past five years was approximately 45 percent, ...The
Ministry of Labor estimated that 4.2 percent of women
encountered sexual harassment in the workplace, with most
victims ages 15 to 34....
Women’s advocates noted that
women continued to be promoted less frequently, occupied fewer
management positions, and worked for lower pay than did their
male counterparts. According to the Ministry of Labor, in 2013
women comprised 44.1 percent of the workforce and their salary
on average was 83.9 percent of the average salary for men
performing comparable jobs... the ratio of boy-to-girl births
was 107 to 100, the lowest in 25 years.
International (The London-based
The organization concerns
Taiwan's gender discrimination. In terms of gender
discrimination, the organization called on Taiwan to respect
the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people.
Taiwan’s passage of the Convention to Eliminate All Forms of
Discrimination Against Women and the enactment of laws to
implement the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities by
2017 were important starts, but still have to be fully
ps: (1) Anti-adultery
law only exits in Taiwan, N. Korea,
and Muslim (Islam) few countries/
Yonghap, South Korean news
agency, 2-26-2015, Taiwan - United Daily, Liberty
female's hourly rate of pay is only 85.05% of male's, which
means Taiwanese career women need to work additional 55 days
per year to get pay equal to men's. / CTS news, Liberty
Times, Taiwan, 2-27-2015.
<The United Daily>,
<China Post>, 3-3-2016
large-scale survey convened by the government found One out of four Taiwanese
women have been victims of partner abuse in the past, according to a study,
based on methods used by the United Nations, the European Union and the World
more than 26 percent of women said they had
experience at the receiving end of abuse from an intimate partner, among whom
psychological abuse accounted for 21 percent. Approximately 9.8 percent of respondents said they had suffered from physical
violence, 9.6 percent from economic abuse, 7.2 percent from sexual violence,
while 5.2 percent had been stalked and harassed by partners.
<Apple Daily 蘋果日報> 6-11-2015
"Where is the justice with guts" / 陳宜倩 SHU
brief: Our fantasies
gender equality, Constitutional Democracy, ... were destroyed !
Every Taiwanese people, from
the president down to ordinary civilians, spends every efforts on
pretending that Taiwan is a Regime of Constitutional Democracy
as well as a legal state, and being proud of its rising sense of
gender equality, it's really too hard for us do the phony,
eventually, the Council of Grand Justices No. 728 destroys
our fantasies, most astonishing, the justice stated it's
impossible for today's Taiwan to give up
androcentric ancestral inheriting system
★ USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices,
Rape and Domestic Violence: The law
criminalizes rape, including spousal rape,
and domestic violence. Because victims were
socially stigmatized, many did not report
the crime, and the Ministry of Interior
estimated that the total number of
assaults was 10 times the number reported to
The law provides protection for
rape victims. Rape trials are not open to
the public unless the victim consents. The
law permits a charge of rape without
requiring the victim to press charges.
The law establishes the punishment for
rape as not less than five years’
imprisonment, and courts usually gave those
convicted prison sentences of five to 10
years. According to the Ministry of Health
and Welfare, as of July there were 8,029
reports filed for rape or sexual assault. As
of July, courts indicted 1,282 persons and
convicted 1,297 persons. According to the
Ministry of Justice, the average prosecution
rate for rape and sexual assault over the
past five years was approximately 50
percent, and the average conviction rate of
cases prosecuted was approximately 90
As of September, authorities prosecuted
1,921 persons for domestic violence and
convicted 1,595 persons. Typically, courts
sentenced persons convicted in domestic
violence cases to less than six months in
prison. Social pressure not to disgrace
their families discouraged abused women from
reporting incidents to the police. The law
allows prosecutors to take the initiative in
investigating complaints of domestic
violence, without waiting for a spouse to
file a formal lawsuit.
The law requires all cities and counties
to establish violence prevention and control
centers to address domestic and sexual
violence, child abuse, and elder abuse.
These centers provided victims with
protection, medical treatment, emergency
assistance, shelter, legal counseling,
education, and training on a 24-hour basis.
The Health and Welfare Ministry, newly
established in July, will be responsible for
combating and addressing rape and domestic
Sexual Harassment: Sexual
harassment in the workplace is a crime
punishable by fines of NT$100,000 to NT$1
million ($3,400 to $34,000) and imprisonment
for up to two years. All public employers
and larger private employers are required to
enact preventive measures and establish
complaint procedures to deter sexual
harassment. Women’s groups complained that,
despite the law and increased awareness of
the issue, judicial authorities remained
dismissive of sexual harassment complaints.
Discrimination: The law prohibits
discrimination based on gender. The law
provides for equal treatment with regard to
salaries, promotions, and assignments. The
law entitles women to request up to two
years of unpaid maternity leave and forbids
termination of employment because of
pregnancy or marriage. Central and local
agencies, schools, and other organizations
are required to develop enforcement rules
and set up gender equality committees to
oversee the implementation of the law. One
NGO claimed that the authorities were not
doing enough to raise public awareness of
Women’s advocates noted that women
continued to be promoted less frequently,
occupied fewer management positions, and
worked for lower pay than did their male
counterparts. Women made up 44 percent of
the workforce. According to the Council for
Labor Affairs (CLA), salaries for women
averaged 82 percent of those for men
performing comparable jobs.
<the Liberty Times>, Mar. 8, 2015 According to
statistics, more male Taiwanese have extramarital affairs, but
more female Taiwanese were sentenced to certain time in prison,
etc, the key point is Taiwan's public perception is biased
against women having affairs ...
★ USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices,
April 19, 2013
★One of the principal serious
human rights problems in Taiwan was rape
including spousal rape, and
domestic violence. “Because victims were socially stigmatized, many did not
report the crime, and the MOI
estimated that the total number of sexual assaults was 10
times the number reported to police,”... (ps: US gov.
definition: "pattern of abusive behavior in any
relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain
power and control over another
★There may also be a problem with sexual harassment in the
workplace.... judicial authorities
remained dismissive of sexual harassment complaints,” .
★The report said that
child abuse also continued to be a
widespread problem in Taiwan.
★ USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices,
May 24, 2012
Taiwan's Child abuse also continued to be a
“widespread problem,” according to the
report. It cited an NGO estimate of 20,000
cases per year of child sexual abuse.
In addition, the report said violence
against women, such as rape and domestic
violence, “remained a serious problem” in
Taiwan. It said the Ministry of the Interior
estimated that the actual number of sexual
assault cases was 10 times more than what
was reported to the police.
The report also said that foreign spouses
in Taiwan face discrimination inside and
outside of their homes. Forced labor was
found in sectors such as caregiving,
farming, fishing, manufacturing and
USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices,
April 8, 2011
Women's human rights problems in Taiwan :
(1) Violence against women, including
rape and domestic violence, remained a "serious
the total number of rape, spousal rape was 10 times the number
reported to the police,
- 6818 rape/sexual
assaults were filed till Sept 2010, till
Nov. 2010, 91457 family violence, 22089 children abuse cases were filed. )
(2) judicial authorities remained
“dismissive” of complaints of sexual harassment in the
(3) Child abuse continued to be a widespread problem. sexual
abuse was more prevalent than the public realized, with the
estimated number of victims reaching approximately 20,000
annually, while only approximately 3,000 were reported.
(4) foreign-born spouses were targets of discrimination.
★ <Apple Daily>, Dec. 5, 2012 Acording to "2012 Taiwanese
Human Rights index survey" (conducted by 中華人權協會), 24% Taiwanese
think Taiwan's women human rights in retreat, 21.9% think it is
in progress,17.9% Taiwanese think Taiwan's overall human rights
in progress, 36% think it is in retreat, 76% Taiwanese don't
satisfy Taiwan's economy human rights.
Taiwan's scholars worry that Taiwan's democracy doesn't work
<the Liberty Times>, Mar. 27, 2013
75% of women encountered sexual harassment in the workplace,
★ <Apple Daily>,
6.12Taiwan police station ignored
a huge prostitution base nearby (大淫窟
Daily News (April 12, 2014)
reported, massage girls in Taipei all do
"prostate-care", "Lymphatic drainage",
kind of actually sexual
Wikipedia (2014): there are Thai massage places
all over Taipei and most places you have a good chance
to find 'extra services'. <United
Daily News> 7.27.2014: Taipei
prostitution, no.1 is massage house, second, call girls
controlled by broker, thirdly, so-called one-woman
click to see Taiwan's
Central News Agency, Taiwan(<中央社>)
For this national Women's Day,
DPP legislative in a press conference
lists Taiwan's 5 problems lead to
Taiwanese women's unhappiness ― reduced
income, food (birds-flu chickens, Paylean beef, etc) may get illness,
unequal pay for female ( salary 17.6%
for same work by the male), workplace not
( female victims accounted for 97.15% of all sexual
harassment cases ) , difficult to get promotion ( women only 1/4
of high-end civil
March 7, 2013 Sexual
discrimination? ― Taipei
city government: no female in
high-ranking decision-making position(決策層級),
only 7 women in leading position in 1st
that were questioned the proportion is
<United Daily News>,
March 7, 2013
Career women's average salary is
about NT40000, which is 80% of male's salary (only 70% in 20
China Morning Post> Hong Kong, Nov 24, 2013
Taiwanese women embrace 'male' careers but gender gap remains
...Government statistics show that Taiwanese women earn on average about 18 per cent less than Taiwanese men.
“There is still a lot of room for improved gender equality in the workplace,” said Liu Chia-yi, chairwoman of the Taipei Association for the Promotion of Women’s Rights.
“The government and employers must enforce relevant regulations to ensure women’s working rights,”......
Sexual Prison "(「國立性煉獄」)
: What a shame on Taiwanese government !
many sexual harassment crimes , and sexual assault cases in
...... far more than
the number reported by media,
we can say
Taiwan has already became a society
hostile to the female. Shame on all Taiwanese,
particularly, shame on Taiwanese government......
Taiwan prostitution & erotic massage (2014)
early morning TV news
Taiwan government (education dept.)'s official
dictionary on-line defines the very popular slang
"single public-hazards"(「單身公害」) as single female seducing &
having affair with married male, was criticized as
"discrimination", because of not including single male
DPP opinion polls <the
Liberty Times>, Taiwan, May 8, 2011
female (age 20-49) : Taiwanese mother are not happy.
Taiwanese mother "kind (bit)
unhappy" : 34.5%
(2) "very unhappy": 20.4%
(3) "kind (bit) happy" :
(4) "very happy" : 7.4%
(5) Not willing to have
baby at present : 87.3%
― reasons include having enough kid(s), economic burden,
not married yet, cannot have baby for age or health etc,
not willing to give birth, living environment not good ...
according to a report estimated by
<日日春>, the number of
person at time to call/buy prostitutes per year is about
30,000,000 ( ps: Taiwan's population : 23,000,000 )
◎ At present, there's no
legal place for sex business.
<Apple Daily News>,
Taiwan, Dec. 1, 2011
According to a world survey (18-49
yrs old) by Durex, the average
number of sexual partners for life as below:
World / female
Taiwan / female
World / male
Taiwan / male
rank next to the last
rank next to the last
Dec. 6, 2011
A Legislator criticized a recent advertisement made by the
Taiwanese government (Council of Labor Affairs) is a
discrimination against women, this sort of creativity using
gender stereotypes (men work outdoors, women as house-wife
indoors) is not funny at all...
★ 2009 Country Reports on Human Rights
Practices - Taiwan Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor
at March 11, 2010, by the
U.S. Department of State.
Violence against women, including
and domestic violence remained a serious problem. Rape, including spousal rape,
is a crime. Because victims were socially stigmatized, many did not report the
crime, and the MOI estimated that the total number of sexual assaults was 10
times the number reported to the police.
Social pressure not to disgrace their families
discouraged abused women from reporting incidents to the police.
Trafficking in women
Sexual harassment in the workplace is a crime, punishable
by fines from NT$100,000 to NT$ one million (approximately $3,080 to $30,800)
and imprisonment for up to two years.
Women's groups complained that,
despite the law and increased awareness of the issue, judicial authorities
remained dismissive of sexual harassment complaints.
Taiwan is primarily a destination for
Southeast Asian and PRC nationals trafficked into forced labor or sexual
exploitation. There were reports of women being trafficked from Taiwan to Japan
for sexual exploitation purposes.
2010 Trafficking in Persons Report Taiwan (Tier 1)
Released by the U.S. Department of State, June 14, 2010
Taiwan authorities fully comply with the
minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.
Taiwan is a destination, and to a much
lesser extent, source and transit territory for men, women, and children
subjected to forced prostitution and forced labor.
Most trafficking victims in Taiwan are workers from Vietnam, Thailand,
Indonesia, and the Philippines, employed through recruitment agencies and
brokers to perform low-skilled work in Taiwan's manufacturing industries and as
home caregivers and domestic workers.
Some women from Taiwan are recruited
through classified ads to travel to Japan, Australia, the UK, and the United
States for employment, where they are forced into prostitution. Taiwan is a
transit territory for Chinese citizens who enter the United States illegally and
may become victims of debt bondage and forced prostitution in the United States.
women and girls
failed to provide
for victims due to
In June, a High
Court judge revealed
that it could take
days to issue an
order, much longer
than the four-hour
limit required by
law. Women’s groups
to be trafficked
into Taiwan. In
cabinet approved a
/ 10 / 02 ( reported by <the United
daily News> Taiwan )
Empowerment Measure > (GEM)
in 2002 is 0.657,
ranking world No. 20, better than Singapore's
No. 21 and Japan's No. 39, but actually Taiwan has
moved backwards ― No. 17 in 1997...
Taiwan's three other items ranked no so well ...
i.e., Taiwanese women's GDP index (57%) in UNDP
survey ranked world No. 61, which is much worse than
China's ( communist China ) ranking world No. 22.
PS: it seems no Taiwan's data
in latest UNDP reports
― Measuring inequality: Gender Empowerment
Measure (GEM) and Gender Development Index (GDI)http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/
35% of the
cases that Taiwan's judges sentenced ( brought in a verdict )
sexual assault offenders is lower than the statutory minimum
◎ June 16, 2010
top position man in a tech company was accused to sexual
harass his girl-subordinate by indecent behaviors : placed his hands on her upper
hip (waist) for ten seconds and hooked her shoulder twice while in the
felt being offended
and failed to evade his dirty hands, finally left the seat.
The Taiwan Supreme Court decided the case that the
accused is not
guilty of sexual harassment crime , because he did not touch accuser's breast,
parts (waist doesn't count) or bottom.
The accuser asked compensation of
NT$1230000 after first instanse by elementary court ( the
accuser won the 1st round ).
73% Taiwanese in poll/survey think holding a girl's waist
against her will is sexual harassment crime.
The largest women
organization in Taiwan has same view.
girl brought a case ( sexual harassment crime) against a man who
in the Taipei train station and
threw his sperm (seminal fluid) to her skirt. The prosecutor
decided this is not a prosecution case, because the man did
not reach his hands to the girl's body.
◎ Sept., 2008
is accused to be sexual
harassment crime for placing his hand on
his alumna's shoulder while taking a group photo in alumni gathering party.
This case has not decided yet (3 years passed already).
◎ Jan. 2008
A man squeezed a girl's breast for 10 seconds
judge in first instance decided
it's just a sexual harassment crime, not a
compulsory indecency (a serious crime), in 2nd instance the judge decided it is a
compulsory indecency since the girl cannot escape to anywhere from a very crowded
◎ Aug. 16, 2010
A 31 yrs old man sexual assaulted
with his fingers
to a minor (6-year-old child girl), the judge decided it's a 3 years & 2 months
penalty sentence, for the sexual assault offender's behavior was not
against the victim's will/intension. (The
prosecutor asked a 7+ years sentence)
◎ June, 2010
in Taiwan's Dept. of Defense
sexual assaulted with his hands on a high-school student's
breast in day-time, and also
humiliated her by dirty words. The martial
court in first instance decided in Aug. it's a
sexual harassment crime ―
4 months or fine penalty.
◎ Sept. 1, 2010
3-year-old child girl was sexual assaulted, the Supreme Court
decided there's no proof that the offender's behavior was
against the victim's will/intension.。
source : apple daily taiwan
plans to modify the law to punish
the accused who sexual assaulted on kids,
Apple Daily News at Sept 28, 2010 urged Taiwan should not be affected too
much by Taiwanese Populism and political correctness.
ps sexual assaulting on
child under 12 yrs old : 5+ yrs sentence
(10 13, 2010)
Women still face discrimination
from <Women still face discrimination>, By Shelley Huang,
Tuesday, Mar 09, 2010, Page 2
Salary adjustments and opportunities
for promotion are two major areas where women suffer
discrimination, a Council of Labor Affairs survey showed
◎ About one out of four working women still
encounter sexual discrimination in the workplace, Council of
Labor Affairs (CLA) statistics showed yesterday.
◎ 2008 data showed that working women in Taiwan earned
on average 81.7 percent as much as men.
◎ Although female workers found that sexual discrimination in the workplace has
been declining, about 27 percent still feel discriminated against. A majority
said the “range of salary adjustment” and “opportunities for promotion” were the
main areas in which sexual discrimination existed.
Aegis Group plc. iservice.libertytimes.com.tw , 2009-06-10, by Anita Yang
... About 90% female Taiwanese
think financial independence is important for them, particularly, 96% younger or
single & unmarried ones agree so ... Female's average amount of
their payroll/salary is less than male's, even working the same thing ...
◎ According to a college survey,
women in southern Taiwan had extra-marital affairs .
◎ These women 're
easier to get climax/orgasm through extra-marital affairs.
◎ This survey
shows modern Taiwanese female are sexual independent (autonomy).
female Taiwanese prefer to separate if no orgasm,
<Apple Daily News> Taiwan,
77% : never or very seldom reach orgasm
together with partner
78% : pretend to reach orgasm
sexual problem : (1) 41% - very hard to get
orgasm (2) 38% - fear pregnant (3) 31% - can't get "G point" (Glafenberg)
experts : female Taiwanese already took
initiative, active steps for pleasure.
Social value & Taiwanese teen (under age)
◎ <the China Times > Oct. 30,
2010 : Taiwanese laugh at the poor, instead of
prostitutes ... that's Taiwan's social value.
◎ <Liberty Times > Oct. 30,
2010 : The social value gives kids wrong concept, ... education
should let kids know .... Money is not everything.
◎ <Apple Daily News > Oct.
30, 2010 : Taiwanese teenagers' moral value weakened .... we
should rebuild our social value system.
"Our Society"<the China Times>
author : 【人民／vice
... When Taiwanese girl-youngsters take money pursuit as their lives' sole value
for envying rich people's life, we
no longer need to surprise that they are not interested in the Literature,
the Philosophy, the Arts and Science, and not conscious at the essence of life,
they only to exchange enjoyment of material
with their youth and nude bodies ...
the education : "Equality between Male and Female" into practice! <United
The head of Taiwan's Education Dept. did not
introduce female professor by using the title "Professor", but did call the
title for male professors presenting in a Literature & Arts contest awarding
ceremony held by Education Dept. ,government of Taiwan R.O.C.
... Taiwan has been trying to eliminate a
long-term phenomena ― inequality between men and women, ... but if
we look into this issue certainly will find out the equality
between men and women is still so far
... a hard and sad "Motherhood myth" has lasted
from old time till today, really is Taiwan's shame
... they strongly appraise the
motherhood's selflessness without personal identity, and the virtue without
complaints and regrets, those kind of stale and old age thinking ...
has been encouraging women to depress themselves ( including human's instinct
for pursuing health and happiness ) only for the family...
... these sort of distorted concepts really is a
potential crisis/threats to Taiwan's education in equality between men and
Times>, Taiwan, May 21, 2011
The Convention on the Elimination of All forms of
Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) will take effect
(Jan. 1, 2012) through an act passed by the legislature yesterday.
( CEDAW was adopted by the
UN in 1979)
<the Liberty Times>, Taiwan,
May 21, 2011 : Since Taiwan's police insulted
aborigines during unscheduled check-up / visitations
recently, and KMT (Nationalist Party) former high-ranking official
insult Taiwanese aborigines by the term "mongrel (or son of
a bitch)", a legislator is trying to raise and pass a
convention on the elimination of discrimination against
<United Daily News>, Taiwan, May
According to a survey by national Taiwan Normal university
students' association : there still is sexual discrimination
on campus ― 40% students have
seen / heard their teachers made speech concerning
sexual bias ( discrimination)...
★ <Freedom House> Reports ,
2009-2010 Freedom House, a Washington-based
non-governmental organization that supports the expansion of
freedom around the world.
Rape and domestic violence remain problems
despite government programs to protect women and the work of
numerous NGOs to improve women’s rights. Although authorities
can pursue such cases without the victims formally pressing
charges, cultural norms inhibit many women from reporting the
crimes. Taiwan is both a source and
destination for trafficked women. In January 2009, the
legislature passed a law that specifically criminalized sex and
labor trafficking while increasing penalties for such offenses.
For precise meanings pls refer to Chinese version
ranking Google No.2 by keywords in English, "women's rights in Taiwan"
or "Taiwanese women rights" etc, at May 20, 2017, Jan. 27, 2015, No.2 at Aug. 29, 2014, Dec. 4, 2012, Oct. 10, 2011, Nov. 3, 2010
New 2015 ! this site's ranking world No.1
on Yahoo (1.7.2015), No. 2 on google (1.11.2015)
ranking No.1 by Chinese keyword "Taiwan women's
rights" on Google, tests at Jan. 27, 2015, Sept. 9~ 13, 2014, Jan. 28, 2012,
Google No.1 & No. 2 by Chinese keyword "Women's rights
in Taiwan", at Feb. 14, 2011 & Oct. 29, 2010
Scholars' studies in Taiwanese
women's rights ― family (marriage) violence , written in Chinese as below